Essay Review: William Jackson Crawford on the Goligher Circle

How to Cite

Tymn, M. E. (2013). Essay Review: William Jackson Crawford on the Goligher Circle. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 27(3). Retrieved from


Books by William J. Crawford:

The Reality of Psychic Phenomena: Raps, Levitations, Etc.

Hints and Observations for Those Investigating the Phenomena of Spiritualism

Experiments in Psychical Science: Levitation, Contact, and the Direct Voice

The Psychic Structures at the Goligher Circle

In 1914, Dr. William J. Crawford, a lecturer in mechanical engineering at Queen's University of Belfast, Ireland, began investigating the mediumship of 16-year-old Kathleen Goligher. The phenomena surrounding the young girl included communicating raps, automatic writing, trance voice, floating objects, and table levitations. In all, Crawford had 87 sittings over some two-and-a-half years with the Goligher Circle. His first, third, and fourth books, as listed above, deal solely with the Goligher phenomena, while the second-listed book is very general and includes observations with other mediums.
Born in New Zealand, Crawford (1881-1920) received his D.Sc. from the University of Glasgow and authored several books in his primary field, including Elementary Graphic Statics and Calculations on the Entropy-Temperature Chart, before undertaking his research of psychic phenomena.



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